A group of Tim Hortons U.S. franchisees said on Thursday it is suing parent company Restaurant Brands International, escalating growing tensions between the company and owners of its U.S. and Canadian coffee shops.
The Great White North Franchisee Association-U.S. is challenging a clause in Restaurant Brands’ franchise agreements that requires all disputes to be resolved in Federal Court in Miami, according to an emailed statement from the group.
Once this is resolved, the U.S association said it plans to file another lawsuit claiming improper use of an advertising fund franchisees pay into. It said the company had used the fund to pay overhead expenses unrelated to promoting the brand.
Tim Hortons did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The moves by the U.S. franchisees are the latest in a long-running feud between Tim Hortons’ parent company and its franchisees, which has now drawn the attention of the Canadian government. Ottawa is looking into the franchisees’ complaints that the parent company is not meeting the terms set out by the government when it allowed its takeover of the chain.
Tim Hortons fell to 50th from fourth on an annual ranking of brand reputation in Canada based on surveys between Dec. 19 and Jan. 29 by market research firm Leger, media outlets reported in April. Tim Hortons has 729 locations in the U.S. and 4,258 in Canada, according to its website. Restaurant Brands also owns the Burger King and Popeyes chains.
After the chain’s same-store sales fell for the eighth consecutive quarter in the latest earnings report, Restaurant Brands chief executive Daniel Schwartz said last month that “negative media created by this group of franchisees” is hurting customer perceptions of the Tim Hortons brand.
Restaurant Brands shares have fallen 10.4 per cent this year, compared with a four per cent decline in the Toronto stock benchmark.
The U.S. action follows a $500 million lawsuit filed by their Canadian counterparts in June, also alleging mismanagement of a national advertising fund.
The Canadian franchisee association filed a second, $850-million, lawsuit in October saying the company was trying to intimidate restaurant owners. Both lawsuits are still trying to obtain certification as class actions, a spokesperson for the association said by email on Thursday.
The franchisee association, whose membership includes 60 per cent of Tim Hortons owners in Canada, and half of those in the U.S., was formed in March 2017 in Canada “in response to the mismanagement of the Tim Hortons franchise,” according to the group. The U.S. arm was formed in June.