Edmonton city staff have some new ideas to help find more homeless people a place to live after a salvo of citizen complaints this year about tent cities.
The city received 4,000 complaints about homeless camps so far in 2019 — up from 1,160 in 2018.
A new report presented to the city’s police commission Thursday outlines the latest statistics and options to get more than 1,700 homeless off the streets.
The city’s director of housing and homelessness, Christel Kjenner, said overall, the number of homeless people has gone down since 2008.
“What we’re seeing is that the complexity of need in the population that’s sleeping outside is maybe driving more disorder.”
Kjenner presented three options to the commission: low-barrier shelter, bridge housing and expedited housing.
“I think we’re targeting any and all solutions at this point,” Kjenner told media. “Just enforcing encampments is not a sustainable solution to resolving the homelessness that people who are sleeping outside are experiencing.”
It costs $1.8 million a year to clean up homeless camps, the report says.
Bridge housing, one of the latest methods the city is exploring, could take on a number of forms, from modulars built off-site, Sprung tents and repurposed workforce housing.
At the commission meeting, Police Chief Dale McFee was open to new ideas.
“What I heard today is we lack the transition housing,” McFee said. “Stabilize them first is what I heard loud and clear.”
McFee supports any move to transition people from that reality, recalling a question someone asked him recently: “‘Chief, how do you police the homeless?’
“And I asked, ‘does that actually even make sense?’ But that’s really what we’re kind of doing.”
Kjenner said although the homeless population has gone down by 15 per cent since last year, the city faces complex challenges.
People are having a harder time accessing well-paying jobs, she said, and rents have gone up, outpacing increases in income.
Affordable housing complexes in the downtown area and The Quarters have closed over the past decade, she added.
There remains a gap in resources for mental health help, she added.
Other parts of the new strategy include working to revise community standards for shelters.
Kjenner said the city is also working with Hope Mission on designing the redeveloped Herb Jamieson Centre to ensure it’s more inviting than the current space at 100th Street and 105A Avenue.
On any given night, only 70 per cent of shelter beds are used in Edmonton — meaning about 200 are empty.
Clients cited several reasons they avoid shelters: safety, unreasonable rules, no space for couples, lack of privacy, no storage, can’t bring pets, and have to be gone by 6 a.m.
Another development to come is a project called Homes for Heroes — a community of tiny homes for veterans in the city’s northeast.