In a major blow to Prime Minister Boris Johnson, the U.K.’s highest court ruled Tuesday his decision to suspend Parliament for five weeks in the crucial countdown to the country’s Brexit deadline is “unlawful.”
The unanimous Supreme Court ruling declared the order to suspend Parliament “void and of no effect.”
Supreme Court President Brenda Hale said the suspension is “unlawful because it had the effect of frustrating or preventing the ability of Parliament to carry out its constitutional functions without reasonable justification.”
She said the court’s decision means Parliament was never legally suspended and is technically still sitting.
The lower house of Parliament, the House of Commons, will sit on Wednesday, House of Commons Speaker John Bercow said.
“I have instructed the House authorities to prepare not for the recall — the prorogation was unlawful and is void — to prepare for the resumption of the business of the House of Commons,” he told reporters.
“Specifically, I’ve instructed the House authorities to undertake such steps as are necessary to ensure that the House of Commons sits tomorrow,” at 11:30 a.m. local time.
Watch Bercow announce the resumption of Parliament:
In this country without a written constitution, the case marked a rare confrontation between the prime minister, the courts and Parliament over their rights and responsibilities.
It revolved around whether Johnson acted lawfully when he advised the queen to suspend Parliament for five weeks during a crucial time frame before the Oct. 31 Brexit deadline when the U.K. is scheduled to leave the European Union.
“This is an unprecedented judgment,” Joelle Grogan, a law lecturer at Middlesex University, told CBC News. “This is the strongest judgment that I certainly have ever seen as a statement from the Supreme Court against a government here in the U.K.”
Watch Grogan discuss the potential impact of the Supreme Court’s decision:
Johnson, who is in New York for the United Nations General Assembly, says he “strongly disagrees” with the court’s ruling and won’t rule out suspending Parliament again. He has also refused to say whether he will resign.
Johnson said on Tuesday that the Supreme Court ruling against him had hindered his attempt to get a Brexit deal but that as the law currently stood, the U.K. would leave the EU on Oct. 31.
“Obviously getting a deal is not made much easier against this background, but we are going to get on and do it,” Johnson told reporters.
“I don’t think that it’s right, but we will go ahead, and of course Parliament will come back.”
Watch Johnson’s reaction to the Supreme Court’s decision:
The Prime Minister’s Office said he won’t resign as prime minister.
He’s set to take a flight from New York overnight, earlier than planned, which would bring him back to London by the time Parliament resumes on Wednesday, according to his office.
The ruling followed three days of hearings last week before a panel of 11 judges.
The court rejected the government’s assertions the decision to suspend Parliament until Oct. 14 was routine and not related to Brexit. It claimed that under Britain’s unwritten constitution, it is a matter for politicians, not courts, to decide.
The government’s opponents argue Johnson illegally shut down Parliament just weeks before the country is due to leave the 28-nation bloc for the “improper purpose” of dodging lawmakers’ scrutiny of his Brexit plans.
They also accused Johnson of misleading the Queen, whose formal approval was needed to suspend the legislature.
Johnson and Parliament have been at odds since he took power in July with the determination to take Britain out of the EU on Oct. 31 with or without a divorce deal with Europe.
Calls for Johnson’s resignation
The landmark decision immediately prompted demands that Johnson quit.
British Labour Leader Jeremy Corbyn called on Johnson on Tuesday to consider his position and call a new election.
To huge cheers and chants of “Johnson out!” Corbyn said the prime minister should become the shortest-ever serving leader and Labour is ready to form a government.
“I invite Boris Johnson, in the historic words, to ‘consider his position,'” Corbyn told delegates at the Labour Party’s annual conference in Brighton.
Scottish National Party lawmaker Joanna Cherry said Johnson should resign because of the Supreme Court ruling.
Cherry is one of the people who brought the legal case against the prime minister.
“His position is untenable and he should have the guts for once to do the decent thing and resign,” she said Tuesday.
Meanwhile, the EU Parliament’s chief Brexit official Guy Verhofstadt says he is relieved that at least one key pillar of British life has survived: Parliamentary democracy.
At least one big relief in the Brexit saga: the rule of law in the UK is alive & kicking. Parliaments should never be silenced in a real democracy.<br><br>I never want to hear Boris Johnson or any other Brexiteer say again that the European Union is undemocratic.
Transparency campaigner Gina Miller called the ruling “a win for parliamentary sovereignty, the separation of powers and independence of our British courts.”
Miller, one of the people who brought the case against the government, said Johnson advised the Queen to shut down Parliament “to silence our democratically elected MPs at one of the most critical times in our country’s modern history.”