- Iran says ‘tens of thousands’ may get tested for coronavirus.
- Bahrain threatens ‘legal proceedings’ against those who return from Iran without being tested.
- Total accumulated number of confirmed cases in Italy has risen to 888.
- South Korea reports 813 new cases.
- Growing cluster on Japan’s northern island of Hokkaido.
- Ontario reports a 8th case, a man in his 80s with travel history to Egypt.
- Read more about how Canada is preparing.
The coronavirus that causes the respiratory illness COVID-19 has killed 43 people amid 593 confirmed cases in Iran, the Islamic Republic’s health ministry said Saturday.
Ministry spokesperson Kianoush Jahanpour urged people to stay away from mass gatherings, including funerals for those who succumb to the virus, and to limit their travel. He said Iran is preparing for the possibility of “tens of thousands” undergoing tests for the virus.
Iran has the world’s highest death toll outside of China, the epicentre of the outbreak that began late last year. The new figures from Iran this pushes the total cases in the Middle East to over 720.
More than 84,000 people worldwide have contracted the illness, a large majority in China, with deaths topping 2,800.
The novel coronavirus emerged at the end of 2019 in the Chinese city of Wuhan where scientists believe it might have passed to humans from animals at a local market where bats, snakes and other wildlife were sold. China temporarily shut down all such markets in January.
New cases in mainland China have held steady at under 500 for past four days, with almost all of them in Wuhan and its surrounding Hubei province.
The list of countries touched by the illness has climbed to nearly 60 as Mexico, Belarus, Lithuania, New Zealand, Nigeria, Azerbaijan, Iceland and the Netherlands have reported their first cases.
South Korea, the second hardest hit country, reported 813 new cases on Saturday — the highest daily jump since confirming its first patient in late January and raising its total to 3,150.
Streets were deserted in the city of Sapporo on Japan’s northernmost main island of Hokkaido, where a state of emergency was issued until mid-March.
WATCH | WHO raises risk level to ‘very high’:
Seventy cases — the largest from a single prefecture in Japan — have been detected in the island prefecture, where experts have raised concern about growing clusters of patients with unknown transmission routes.
The total accumulated number of confirmed cases in Italy has risen to 888, the latest data shows, making it the worst affected country in Europe. France and Germany were also seeing increases, with each reporting 57 cases and two deaths in France.
On Saturday, Bahrain threatened legal prosecution against travellers who came from Iran and hadn’t been tested for the virus, and also barred public gatherings for two weeks. The tiny island nation off the coast of Saudi Arabia has been hit with 38 cases and has shut down flights to halt the spread of the virus.
All of Bahrain’s cases link back to Iran. Bahrain’s interior ministry said in a statement that 2,292 people had come to the kingdom from Iran before the announcement of the outbreak there. Of those, only “310 citizens” had called authorities and undergone testing, the ministry said.
The ministry “affirmed that the required legal proceedings would be taken against anyone who returned from Iran in February and didn’t call to make appointments for the tests,” the interior ministry said. “It highlighted that preventing the outbreak of the infection is the responsibility of individuals and society as a whole.”
Salon worker in Australia tests positive
Australia announced a travel ban on foreign nationals and non-permanent residents entering the country from Iran on Saturday. Australian Health Minister Greg Hunt said that from 1 March, those people will be forced to spend a fortnight in another country before being allowed into Australia.
Australian citizens, permanent residents and their immediate family will need to self-isolate for two weeks after returning from Iran.
WATCH: Infectious disease doctor explains what’s happening with COVID-19
Australian authorities are also currently trying to track down up to 40 people who went to a Gold Coast salon and treated by a beautician who was diagnosed with COVID-19 on Friday. The 63-year-old woman had recently returned from Iran and started feeling ill on Thursday while working at the Hair Plus salon, at a shopping centre in Southport, Queensland.
The woman has become the ninth Queenslander to fall ill with the virus. She is currently in a stable condition and in isolation at the Gold Coast University Hospital.
Australia has now confirmed 23 cases of the new virus.
70 cases on Japan’s island of Hokkaido
Streets were deserted in the city of Sapporo on Japan’s northernmost main island of Hokkaido, where a state of emergency was issued until mid-March. Seventy cases — the largest from a single prefecture in Japan — have been detected in the island prefecture, where experts have raised concern about growing clusters of patients with unknown transmission routes.
The head of the World Health Organization on Friday announced that the risk of the virus spreading worldwide was “very high,” while U.N. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the “window of opportunity” for containing the virus was narrowing.
Stock markets around the world plunged again Friday. On Wall Street, the Dow Jones index took yet another hit, closing down nearly 360 points. The index has dropped more than 14 per cent from a recent high, making this the market’s worst week since 2008, during the global financial crisis.
In Asia, Tokyo Disneyland and Universal Studios Japan announced they would close, and events that were expected to attract tens of thousands of people were called off, including a concert series by the K-pop group BTS.
Tourist arrivals in Thailand are down 50 per cent compared with a year ago, and in Italy — which has reported 888 cases, the most of any country outside of Asia — hotel bookings are falling and Premier Giuseppe Conte raised the spectre of recession. The Swiss government banned events with more than 1,000 people, while at the Cologne Cathedral in Germany, basins of holy water were emptied for fear of spreading germs.
In a report published Friday in the New England Journal of Medicine, Chinese health officials said the death rate from the illness known as COVID-19 was 1.4 per cent, based on 1,099 patients at more than 500 hospitals throughout China.
Assuming there are many more cases with no or very mild symptoms, the rate “may be considerably less than 1 per cent,” U.S. health officials wrote in an editorial in the journal. That would make the virus more like a severe seasonal flu than a disease similar to its genetic cousins SARS, severe acute respiratory syndrome, or MERS, Middle East respiratory syndrome.
Economic growth could slow
Given the ease of spread, however, the virus could gain footholds around the world and many could die.
Europe’s economy is already teetering on the edge of recession. A measure of business sentiment in Germany fell sharply last week, suggesting that some companies could postpone investment and expansion plans. China is a huge export market for German manufacturers.
Economists have forecast global growth will slip to 2.4 per cent this year, the slowest since the Great Recession in 2009, and down from earlier expectations closer to 3 per cent. For the United States, estimates are falling to as low as 1.7 per cent growth this year, down from 2.3 per cent in 2019.
But if COVID-19 becomes a global pandemic, economists expect the impact could be much worse, with the U.S. and other global economies falling into recession.